Treating varicose veins with natural medicine

Natural medicine can help us to treat varicose veins. Varicose veins are an extremely painful and permanent dilation of the veins. The vein valves become incontinent.

Varicose veins are more common in women. They also worsen in pregnancy and menopause. Varicose veins are hereditary.

When we stand for long periods of time, gravitational pressure occurs in the veins of the legs. People who have jobs that entail standing for many hours are at risk of developing varicose veins. An unpleasant visual appearance and pain in the legs from standing for long periods of time are reasons to make an appointment with your doctor.

Natural medicines for the treatment of varicose veins

Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

Horse chestnut has anti-oedema, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, as well as restraining the dilation that occurs in the veins. It is a natural medicine that improves pain, tiredness, swelling and itching in the legs.

The horse chestnut should not be taken in pregnancy or whilst breastfeeding. It should be used with caution in peptic ulcers, gastritis, and kidney or liver failure.  Extreme precautions should be taken with patients who take blood thinning medication.

Red vine leaf (Vitis vinifers)

Red vine leaf is fantastic for swollen legs. Red vine leaf reduces the diameter of the leg and increases blood flow in the small blood vessels. Red vine leaf is a natural medicine that can reduce the pain of varicose veins. It also stabilises the vascular walls, reduces permeability and associated oedema.

In natural medicine, red vine leaf is used for haemorrhoids, varicose veins, phlebitis, capillary fragility (and its symptoms), tired legs, leg cramps, itching and swollen ankles.

Rutina, hesperidin and vitamin C

These two bioflavonoids work best in conjunction with vitamin C. Rutina decreases oedema in patients with chronic venous insufficiency, diminishes capillary fragility and reduces fluid retention in the lower limbs.

Hesperidin is found in citrus fruits. It improves chronic venous insufficiency and reduces swelling in the ankles.

Butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus)

Butcher’s broom is useful in treating haemorroids and varicose veins. It has anti-inflammatory and vaso-constrictive effects. Butcher’s broom increases capillary resistance by creating vaso-constriction and reducing permeability. If it is taken together with bioflavonoids and vitamin C, the effectiveness is augmented.

It should not be taken by people who have high blood pressure.  Butcher’s broom contains tyramine and can have a light sedative effect.


Bromelain is a proteolytic enzyme. It acts in a similar way to plasminogen activators and breaks fibrin down. A person with varicose veins is less able to break down fibrin. If fibrin is not broken down, blood clots are more likely to occur. The formation of blood clots can lead to thrombophlebitis, myocardial infarctions, pulmonary embolisms or strokes.

People who are affected by varicose veins should up their intake of foods that increase anti-fibrinolytic activity. Some of these foods and condiments are: garlic, onion, ginger and cayenne pepper.

Foto: Public Domain

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